Traffic Law DUI/DWI

Criminal Offense of Failing to Provide Proof of a Vehicle's Inspection

Many states require a motorist to obtain a vehicle inspection before the vehicle can be titled in the state. The inspections in most states consist of two primary parts. The first part of the inspection is a safety inspection, which covers such items as tires, brakes, and windows. The second part of the inspection is an exhaust emissions inspection, which checks the vehicle's exhaust and tests the fuel system for leaks.

Double Jeopardy Defense in DWI/DUI Cases

Drunk driving defendants have challenged the constitutionality of the states' dual use of administrative license suspension (ALS) statutes and criminal driving while intoxicated (DWI) prosecutions with the so-called Double Jeopardy Drunk Driving defense.

Ignition Interlock Devices in DUI Cases

State legislatures have addressed the public safety problem of recidivist drunk drivers by authorizing various types of law enforcement tools. One such tool is the "ignition interlock" device, which attaches to the vehicle's steering mechanism and ignition. When used by the courts or state motor vehicle departments in conjunction with a monitoring, reporting, and support program, the ignition interlock system provides drunk driving offenders (driving while intoxicated (DWI) or driving under the influence (DUI)) with an alternative to full license suspension.

Penalties for Felony DUI/DWI

The penalties for felony driving under the influence (DUI) of alcohol or driving while intoxicated (DWI) vary depending upon the state. Many of the states have adopted sentencing guidelines that are similar to the Federal Sentencing Guidelines. Under these guidelines, the states usually provide a sentencing range for each type of offense and provide aggravating and mitigating circumstances that can be used to increase or decrease the sentence.

Use of HawkEye Infrared Device to Check for DUI/DWI

A California company has created a new tool for law enforcement in the war on drinking or taking drugs and driving. The HawkEye law enforcement system is a lightweight, handheld device that captures a driver's eye behavior on either a computer or DVD. The device is now being used by police officers at select sobriety checkpoints throughout the United States.